Senators voted 71-28 to approve the deal, overcoming objections from Republican fiscal conservatives who say the bill marks a return to unchecked deficit spending.
The overnight shut-down occurred because Sen.
Paul was seeking a vote on reversing spending increases and refused to speed things up when he was denied.
Trump tweeted Friday that he signed the legislation for the government to officially reopen, just as the workday started for millions of federal workers. Essential personnel would remain on the job regardless, and it appeared possible - if not likely - that the measure could pass both the Senate and House before most federal employees were due to report for work. Rand Paul was in the news for a scuffle, it involved a neighbor who allegedly tackled him in his yard over a lawn dispute.
The bill, which includes a far-reaching agreement that increases spending limits for the next two years and raises the federal debt ceiling until March 2019, would break the cycle of government funding crises in time for what is set to be a bruising campaign for November's mid-term elections. Really who is to blame?
"We have a 700-page bill that no one has read, that was printed at midnight", Paul noted as the clocked ticked closer to the end of the day.
"Funding for the government expires in just a few hours", McConnell noted.
The brief shutdown in Washington came at a sensitive time for financial markets.
A sweeping bipartisan vote is expected on the measure, which is attached to a huge budget agreement, but the timing and outcome of a House vote are less certain. Ryan has said he is willing to address the future of young immigrants but has not laid out an exact timeline.
Ultimately, enough members from both parties joined forces to get the temporary spending bill across the finish line.
In January, a similar failure to pass a bill led to a three-day government shutdown.
The spending bill provides a two year increase in domestic and military spending, abandoning budget caps which have ruled appropriations since 2013.
The issue's absence is reason for Democrats in the House, including Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi of California, to oppose the measure.
Democrats also experienced divisions, largely on account of liberals upset the measure was not tied to any plans to assist the "Dreamer" immigrants, brought into the country illegally as children.
"I'm just telling people why I'm voting the way I'm voting", she said Thursday.
Ryan said again Thursday he was determined to bring an immigration bill to the floor this year - albeit only one that has Trump's blessing. But proponents, including those from states affected by natural disasters in the past year, spoke in favor of the bill.
House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., urged Congress to avoid a "second needless shutdown in a matter of weeks - entirely needless". Jeff Flake, R-Ariz. "But the problem is the only time we discover bipartisanship is when we spend more money".
How did we get here?. "So please know that we are committed to getting this done".
Almost $300 billion in new spending included in the bill approved on Friday will ensure the annual budget deficit will exceed $1 trillion in 2019, said the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, a private fiscal policy watchdog group in Washington.
That's according to Oregon Democratic Rep. Kurt Schrader.
At about 2:00 a.m. today the Senate approved a budget deal. "It is as simple as that", Gutierrez said in a statement. "But I have an unease with it and hope that the Speaker will man up and decide that we in the House can also have what Mitch McConnell guaranteed in the Senate: a vote on the floor [on immigration]", Pelosi said.
"We'll see. If they want to stay up until 3:00 a.m., I'm happy to do it for the fiscal solvency", he said.
Hopes for a quick vote on legislation to keep the USA government operating beyond midnight hit a snag on Thursday when Republican Senator Rand Paul put up a roadblock to voting because he first wanted debate on his amendment to kill the measure's increased federal spending.
Pelosi chose not to vote for the plan even as she lauded the plan as very good for the party, but she didn't push other House Dems to vote with her.