The White House said Trump's physician, Dr. Ronny L. Jackson, was expected to release a brief statement on Friday after the exam and then provide a detailed readout of the exam on Tuesday and answer questions from reporters.
Dr. Ronny Jackson gave the exam to Trump at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Md., right before the president departed for a holiday weekend at his Mar-a-Lago estate in Palm Beach, Fla.
Jackson says he looks forward to providing additional details at a White House briefing Tuesday.
The exam came after a new best-selling book portrayed Trump, 71, as unfocused and childlike.
Bornstein's report on Trump's health veered toward the hyperbolic, but White House physicians are typically more buttoned-up in their assessments of presidents' health.
Do we know anything about any of President Trump's other physical exams?
There is a long history of the White House picking and choosing what to reveal about the Commander-in-Chief's health, said Barbara Perry, director of presidential studies at the University of Virginia's Miller Center.
The sitting president's routine medical check-up is not usually a topic that dominates headlines, but speculation about Trump's health has intensified in the early days of his second year in office.
Sanders has brushed aside concerns expressed by reporters about the president's health as "ridiculous".
He also said Trump took Crestor, a cholesterol lowering statin; a low dose of aspirin to prevent heart attacks; antibiotics to treat skin rosacea; and Propecia for baldness. Past presidents have received a "fit to serve as president" stamp of approval following the exam. He does, however, drink gallons of Diet Coke per week, cans of which he summons with a red button.
The examination was conducted at Walter Reed by Jackson, a U.S. Navy rear admiral, who is the president's personal physician. Because the health information is considered private under federal law, the President himself must sign off on its release.
During the 2016 presidential campaign, he published a letter from his long-term doctor Harold Bornstein that stated he was in "excellent physical health".
"You have to remember if there is something wrong with a president that kicks him out of office, everyone who comes with him leaves".
He told them that he expects it to go well and that he would be surprised if it did not.