Pelosi said Democrats will oppose today's expected vote because the legislation lacks funding to address opioid addiction, pensions, community health centers, veteran funding, children's health insurance funding, the Dream Act and emergency disaster relief. They say the discussions on immigration should be part of a separate process.
On Thursday, leaders from both parties will meet with President Trump at the White House. House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi staked out a hard line on Thursday and insisted that any year-end deal would include help for immigrants brought to the US illegally as children.
House conservatives had raised objections to the current plan to extend funding until December 22 before reaching a longer-term deal because they worry the pressure to leave town right before Christmas will give Democrats leverage to get more of their priorities included in a spending bill at that time.
But Meadows warned that GOP leaders would face backlash from Republicans if they agree to Democrats' demands on immigration in the spending bill. But GOP leaders needed those conservatives to support the measure in the House because Democrats broadly refused to vote for it.
Rep. Jim Jordan of OH, the former chair of both the Republican Study Committee and the hardline conservative House Freedom Caucus, told USA TODAY he was supportive of a separate defense department funding bill.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said after returning to the Capitol that while an agreement on spending limits wasn't reached, "We agreed that we want to resolve all of these issues in the next couple of weeks".
Last week, an unexpected attack by Trump on Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., and Pelosi prompted the two to skip a bargaining session that was planned then.
Republicans and Democrats have discussed a potential two-year budget deal raising spending by about $200 billion.
"It's kind of just basic governing, is keeping government going while we negotiate the finer details", Ryan told reporters Thursday morning.
The delay underscored the clout that conservatives wield within the House GOP as the party aims to push legislation through the House and Senate this week to keep federal agencies functioning.
Mr. Meadows said he spoke to House Speaker Paul Ryan (R., Wis.) during the vote and that they had a "good conversation" about the duration of the short-term spending bill.
In back-to-back statements, both sides declared the meeting "productive".
Earlier on Thursday, Schumer said Trump seemed to be rooting for a shutdown and if one occurs, "it will fall on his shoulders".
"There is a whole lot more pressure to get home for Christmas than there is for New Year's", Rep. Mark Meadows (R., N.C.), chairman of the Freedom Caucus, told reporters after the vote. But lawmakers and President Donald Trump still have longer-range disputes to settle over spending, immigration and other issues before they can declare budget peace.
"We expect a clean [continuing resolution] to pass with Democratic support", White House press secretary Sarah Sanders told reporters Thursday.
With the budget chafing under spending caps imposed by a 2011 bipartisan budget deal, Democrats want defense and domestic programs to get equal funding increases.