The European Commission took the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland to the European Court of Justice Thursday over their failure to accept the required quotas for refugees.
The European Commission said in a statement that it referred the member states to the Court of Justice of the EU for non-compliance with their legal obligations under the scheme.
The countries have declined to shelter asylum-seekers despite an overall drop in arrivals due to tighter borders and projects beyond the EU's frontiers to discourage migration to Europe.
Mariusz Blaszczak, interior minister, confirmed that Poland will not take into consideration the previous cabinet's declarations when ruling Civic Platform-Polish People's Party agreed to admit around 7,000 Syrian people from refugee camps located in Italy and Greece. But the Czech Republic and Hungary opposed the quota-based relocation.
"This is why the commission has chose to move to the next stage of the infringement procedure and refer the three member states to the Court of Justice of the European Union".
The bloc, however, found the trio's response unsatisfactory, saying that "the three countries have given no indication that they will contribute to the implementation of the relocation decision".
Hungary has introduced an education law that could shut the Soros-founded Central University in Budapest, which has always been seen as a hostile bastion of liberalism by Orban's right-wing government.
The temporary emergency relocation scheme was established in two Council Decisions in September 2015, in which Member States committed to relocate persons in need of worldwide protection from Italy and Greece.
The EC's deputy chair Frans Timmermans said a change of attitude on the part of these countries' governments could still resolve the situation out of court.
Hungary's right-wing government is looking to pass a higher education law that could close the Central European University, founded by financier and philanthropist George Soros.
The commission said the laws "indirectly discriminate and disproportionately restrict donations from overseas to civil society organisations".