The report points to a wide range of hate crimes, motivated by bias toward race, ethnicity, ancestry, religion, sexual orientation, disability, gender, or gender identity.
One such murder victim was transgender 16-year-old Kedarie Johnson, who was shot and killed in March of 2016 in what prosecutors have labeled a hate crime. The FBI says there were increases in attacks motivated by bias against blacks, Jews, Muslims and LGBT people.
The report differentiated between crimes against trans Americans and those who are gender-nonconforming: Anti-trans crimes increased from 73 to 105 between 2015 and 2016, a jump of almost 43%.
The yearly report, which comes from voluntarily reported data from law enforcement agencies across the country, found 6,121 hate crimes reported in 2016.
The Southern Poverty Law Center said earlier this year that it found "a dramatic jump in hate violence and incidents of harassment and intimidation around the country" in the wake of President Donald Trump's November 8, 2016 electoral win. Of these reported offenses, nearly 25 percent were rooted in an anti-Islamic, anti-Muslim bias.
It was the second year in a row the number of reported hate crimes has increased, after a slight decrease from 2013 to 2014. Among the religiously-motivated ones, 54 per cent of the crimes targeted members of the Jewish community, while about 25 per cent targeted Muslims.
The FBI and the justice department did not make that connection.
For his part, Attorney General Jeff Sessions promised to "aggressively prosecute" hate crime offenses.
"We have all witnessed the anger and prejudice that characterized last year's election season, and that is growing nationwide in the current political environment", said Corey Saylor, director of CAIR's National Department to Monitor and Combat Islamophobia. Religion is the recorded bias in almost 23 percent of the incidents.
The second most frequent kind of hate crime, 21.1 percent of incidents, were caused by bias against religious affiliations.