VPNs permitted the access to its users for the China's so-called 'Great Firewall.' The primary intention behind it is to restrict the access to overseas sites. Those apps helped users connect to the rest of the internet world using technology called virtual private networks, or VPNs.
Although China maintains the spot of having the biggest number of internet users, a report in 2015 by the United States think tank Freedom House proposed that out of 65 nations analyzed, China possess the highest restrictive online use laws below Iran and Syria.
The legislation, which was signed over the weekend and has already been approved by Russia's lower house of parliament (the Duma), is ostensibly created to block "unlawful content" rather than place restrictions on citizens, according to Leonid Levin, the head of Duma's information policy committee.
Leonid Levin, chairman of a parliamentary committee on information policy and communications, said the law signed by Putin does not "introduce any new restrictions and especially no censorship".
But, much like China, it's more likely that the move is a way of preventing Russians from viewing content that criticizes the government.
Inc.'s cloud-computing customers in China are being told to stop using software to bypass China's internet gates, part of a government clampdown. "The ban on VPNs takes this shameful campaign a whole step further".
His comments come after it was revealed that Apple has removed a number of the virtual private network apps that allow users to circumvent the Great Firewall from its Chinese store. Not only do these Chinese companies have close relationships with the government, but Chinese law prohibits AWS from using its own branding in China, forcing it to work through Beijing Sinnet Technology.
Krivosheev said Apple's decision to remove the apps in China has "aided the online censorship efforts of the Chinese government and jeopardised the rights of countless internet users". "We have been required to remove some VPN apps in China that do not meet the new regulations", Apple said. "These apps remain available in all other markets where they do business".
China's government has been forcing local VPN providers to shut down as well as pressuring foreign VPNs to cement its control over the internet in the run-up to next month's Communist Party congress.