Most of the passengers, 196 people, were Dutch, but victims also included citizens of Australia and Malaysia among other countries. "We welcome the steps taken by the countries involved to come to an effective prosecution, as well as their decision to opt for the Dutch national justice system embedded in worldwide cooperation and support as an important step towards bringing those responsible for downing flight MH17 to justice", she said.
The monument, a curved steel wall and an eye-shaped sculpture engraved with the victims' names, stands in an amphitheatre surrounded by 298 trees - still saplings - planted in the form of a commemorative ribbon.
MH17 crashed near the border of Russian Federation and Ukraine on July 17, 2014.
Investigations into the crash pointed heavily to Russia: The Dutch Safety Board found a Russian-made surface-to-air missile system brought down the commercial plane. Three years after Flight MH17 was shot down by a missile over war-torn Ukraine, more than 2,000 relatives gather to unveil a "living memorial" to their loved ones.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko marked the anniversary with renewed condemnation of Russian Federation.
"Our responsibility before the victims as well as future generations is to prove to the aggressor and terrorist that it is impossible to escape liability for all the crimes it has committed", the Ukrainian leader said.
Transport Minister Liow Tiong Lai told reporters after the event, which was closed to the media, that the investigation was "very detailed and we are quite convinced that we will be able to find the culprits".
We will remind, on July 17 will mark three years since the tragedy.
"The tragedy of Flight MH17, in which so many lives were lost, remains a constant source of sorrow and sadness for the European Union", said Federica Mogherini.
The European Union foreign affairs chief, Federica Mogherini, called for global co-operation in the hunt for the perpetrators.
"That calls on all states to cooperate to ensure that those responsible for the killing are brought to justice", Bishop said on July 16.