The World Health Organization collected data from 77 countries and found that gonorrhea is showing widespread resistance to drugs that once cleared the infection.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has sought better prevention and treatment of Gonorrhoea that infects an estimated 78 million people each year.
Women are particularly at risk, potentially leading to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and infertility, as well as increased risk of HIV. Dr. Teodora Wi, Medical Officer, Human Reproduction, WHO, said the bacteria that cause gonorrhoea are particularly smart and every time we use a new class of antibiotics to treat the infection, the bacteria evolve to resist them.
Currently, in most countries, ESCs are the only single antibiotic that remain effective for treating gonorrhoea.
She said: "When you use antibiotics to treat infections like a normal sore throat, this mixes with the Neisseria species in your throat and this results in resistance".
The sexually transmitted infection is becoming resistant to the usual recommended treatments around the world and creating new antibiotics is "not very attractive for commercial pharmaceutical companies", the WHO said.
But most people who are infected do not have any symptoms and in some cases, doctors mistakenly diagnose gonorrhea, health officials said.
There is a pressing need for new drugs that are hard to develop resistance against.
"In the short term, we aim to accelerate the development and introduction of at least one of these pipeline drugs, and will evaluate the possible development of combination treatments for public health use", said Dr Manica Balasegaram, GARDP Director. This is due to newly evolved strains of the #Disease that have become drug resistant, which will eventually make the disease resistant to all drugs used to fight the disease. However, an antibiotic-resistant strain has developed through a mistreatment of gonorrhea bacteria left in the throat after oral sex.
If you're unaware, Gonorrhea can affect the genitals, rectum and throat; and is the second most commonly reported STD in the U.S. However, it usually has no symptoms, so many people are unaware they are infected initially.
Many people with the disease never develop or experience noticeable symptoms.
Gonorrhea has developed resistance to almost every class of antibiotics used to treat it such as penicillin, tetracycline and fluoroquinolones, the CDC said.
The WHO also called for the development of a vaccine to prevent gonorrhea, and tests for accurately predicting whether an antibiotic will work on a specific infection.