The Supreme Court on Monday lifted the injunction from Trump's travel ban while making sure the ban will not effect people who are able to prove ties to American institutions or United States citizens.
A 90-day ban on citizens from six blacklisted countries, namely - Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen - will come into place from Thursday, June 29.
When does this take effect?
Thus, the decision will allow the 120-day ban on refugees to be implemented, given that those people are - by definition - fleeing their countries of origin and have no prior relationship with USA individuals or institutions.
The court issued its order on the last day of its current term and agreed to hear oral arguments during its next term starting in October so it can decide finally whether the ban is lawful in a major test of presidential powers.
After the lower courts found the travel ban unconstitutionally biased against Muslims and contrary to federal immigration law, Trump hailed the Supreme Court's decision as a "clear victory for our national security". He says he's not surprised the court found a compromise. A court in California, though, struck down even the refugee restrictions, arguing the president broke the law because he never drew a specific connection between his actions and the national security concerns he said spurred him. The court detailed several categories of foreign nationals who should be allowed into the United States: people with a "close familial relationship" to someone in the United States; students admitted to a university in the United States; workers who has accepted an offer of employment from a company in the United States; and lecturers invited to speak to an American audience.
In its June 26 decision, SCOTUS partially lifted the temporary injunctions placed on the Order from being enforced by narrowing the scope of the injunctions: The Order may not be enforced against foreign nationals who have a credible claim of a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States.
The travel ban had been blocked by two lower courts, which ruled that Trump abused his authority and discriminated against Muslims as a religious minority by issuing the ban by executive order.
He went on to say that he anticipated there would be be a formal directive from the secretary of state and secretary of DHS that would go "to all consular officers, resettlement support centers, and the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services" and that would require them "to verify any claims by an executive-order-covered individual that he or she has such a relationship to the U.S".
Both bans were to partly go into effect 72 hours after the court's decision. The president announced the travel ban a week after he took office in January and revised it in March after setbacks in court.
The other basic portion of Trump's initiative, which will remain partially blocked, will be the prohibition on USA entry to citizens of Iran, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Yemen and Libya, although entry will be allowed for people from those countries who have relatives or job contracts in the US.
That kind of question will not be known for sure until the government blocks people from coming and the cases are taken to the courts. The travel ban also caps the number of refugees allowed to enter the U.S.at 50,000 a year. Rather than pursue an appeal, the administration said it would revise the policy.
Gorsuch was one of the three conservative justices who would have granted Trump's request to put the order completely into effect.