Although the UN Security Council adopted a resolution in November 1967 calling for Israeli withdrawal from captured territory, Israel ignored this resolution and the worldwide community did not compel Israel to abide by it. Israel remained in control while Palestinians, who had fled the Israelis in 1948, have remained in place and challenge Israel's occupation.
Israel has since returned the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt and has annexed the Golan Heights.
Israel blames the violence on incitement by Palestinian political and religious leaders compounded on social media sites that glorify violence and encourage attacks. Negotiators were asked to reach agreement on East Jerusalem, claimed by Israel as part of its capital and claimed by the Palestinians as the capital of their state-to-be; Palestinian refugees, Israeli settlers, borders, and security.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu marked the occasion by insisting that Israel would "forever" retain control of Jerusalem and its holy sites.
"I hope that we will find the path to a solution for two states for two peoples".
The Israeli occupation authorities are expected to approve 2,500 new settlement units in the occupied West Bank next week, a local NGO revealed on Friday.
What remain, in brief, are divided lands that are besieged or occupied by one state that maintains two systems. He proclaimed as well that the Arab armies were united and poised to attack Israel.
And as time passes, more settlers can be expected to invade Palestinian properties, pushed both by zealous fervour and by generous government subsidies: the average settler receives three times more in public subsidies than a resident of Israel proper, a financial incentive for the expansion of settler units given by governments snubbing the worldwide community's decree that settlements are illegal and a hindrance to any Palestinian-Israeli peace deal. And considering the heart of Judea is within the West Bank, the latter option is valid.
The deal comes on the heels of US President Donald Trump's visit to Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories.
"The establishment of an independent Palestinian state with its capital in east Jerusalem is the real guarantee for security and stability in the region", it said.
"The EU should articulate a new foreign policy that more effectively harnesses the conflict resolution aspects offered by worldwide law, namely the law on the use of force (jus ad bellum) in order to more effectively disincentivise Israel's unlawful acquisition of Palestinian territory and institutional violation of Palestinian rights". Nor can it any longer be argued that the Palestinians are irrelevant to the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Palestinian polls show support for the two-state solution has also fallen to 47 per cent due to the lack of progress in negotiations and fear over concessions they would have to make to achieve a state.